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Overview of chromatography and its phases

Chromatography in pharma productionis characterized as a strategy by which solutes are isolated by a dynamic differential relocation prepare in a framework comprising of at least two stages. One of which moves constantly in a provided guidance and in which the individual substances show distinctive


What is Bread fermentation

When we talk about the elaboration of bread, we know the importance of kneading and baking but the true magic happens with yeast fermentation, without that the rich bread you eat would not be possible, let’s talk a little about this fermentation and maybe you

Medicine pills

What are Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients –API

ctive Pharmaceutical Ingredients are parts or chemicals used in the production of pharmaceutical drugs which are active or are the main component. The active ingredient (AI) is that part of the drugs that is biologically active and is the particular constituent responsible for the likely

Chemical cell

Peptide Antibiotics – broad spectrum

These peptides are potent, broad spectrum antibiotics which demonstrate potential to be novel therapeutic agents. They are also called Host Defense peptides (HDP). They fall into two  categories:- Non ribosomally synthesized peptides ribosomally synthesized peptides Nonribosomally Synthesized Peptides Peptides derived from amino acidscontaining two or

doctor, lab, laboratory, medical, medicine, chemistry, test tube


Active pharmaceutical ingredient (APIs) production face also of problems especially china and India. The following are challenges facing API companies. Regulatory Problems In this is inspection. When API industries are not thoroughly inspected defective products will not be detected however, this may cause life- threatening


Steps of Downstream Processing

Downstream processing is the purification of pharmaceutical products fromnatural source, for example plant and animal tissue. The following are stages followed in the processing   Stage one: removal of insoluble (solid and liquid separation) This step involves separation of whole cells that is cell biomass

Bacteria, biological

Basic Understanding of Peptides

Every biological thing in the world is made up of proteins, from microscopic bacteria to human beings. Proteins are made up of long chain of amino acids performing a vast array of functions. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins which are linked together